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  • Writer's pictureorchidhomeske

Is Kenya a rich or Poor country?


The Diversity, Beauty, and Challenges of Kenya

East African nations Tanzania is to the south, Uganda is situated in the west, South Sudan is the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, and Somalia to the east border Kenya. One of the most best populous nations in Africa, it is home to more than the 50 million people. The varied landscapes, abundant animals, and lively culture of Kenya are well-known. But the nation also has a lot of problems, such as political instability, poverty, and corruption.


Environment and Geography


Geographically and climatically, Kenya is a varied nation. The landscape of the nation varies from the parched Rift Valley plains to the snow-capped summits of Mount Kenya. White sand beaches and coral reefs characterize the nation's coastline, while its interior is covered in vast savannah grasslands, woodlands, and wetlands. Elephants, lions and giraffes, and zebras, as well as other famous animals, may be found in national parks and wildlife reserves all across Kenya. With temperatures that are often warm and muggy, the nation's climate is significantly impacted by its closeness to the equator. However, there are regional variations in the climate, with the interior having a more dry environment and the coastal parts receiving high temperatures and considerable rains.



Population and Culture


In Kenya, there are more than 40 different ethnic groups; each had of which has its own culture, language, and traditions. The Luhya, Luo, and Kalenjin are Kenya's next major ethnic groups after the Kikuyu. Swahili, one of the two official languages alongside English, is also widely spoken across the nation. Traditional and contemporary elements coexist in Kenya's culture. In many rural communities, the old ways of doing things are still widespread, and music, dancing, and storytelling are still significant parts of everyday life.


A thriving arts community can be found in Kenya, where modern music, literature, and cinema have become more well-liked in recent years. Food plays a significant role in Kenyan culture, with famous traditional foods like chapati (a sort of flatbread), nyama choma (grilled pork), and ugali (a maize-based porridge) being enjoyed by many people all throughout the nation. Kenya, one of the world's major tea growers, also considers tea to be an essential beverage.


Issues Kenya is facing.


Kenya confronts several obstacles that impede its growth and advancement despite its stunning natural surroundings and diverse cultural heritage. With about 40% of the population living below the poverty line, poverty is a serious problem in the nation. Rural places where access to necessities like clean water, healthcare, and education is constrained to show this to be especially true. Government officials and politicians are often charged with embezzling public money and indulging in other corrupt practices, making corruption another major problem in Kenya. Foreign investors are reluctant to invest in nations with a reputation for corruption, which has a detrimental effect on the economy of that nation.


Another problem Kenya is dealing with is political instability. In the past, especially around elections, the nation has seen a number of instances of violence and turmoil. Over a thousand people were killed, and hundreds of thousands more were displaced in 2007–2008 as a consequence of post–election unrest.


Solutions and Development


Kenya has achieved considerable advancements recently despite these obstacles. The GDP of the nation has been steadily increasing, with contributions from industries including telecommunications, tourism, and agriculture. With the government funding initiatives to broaden access to education and raise teaching standards, Kenya has also achieved progress in this area. The government has established organizations like the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission and the Asset Recovery Agency in an effort to combat corruption.


These organizations have the mandate to look into and prosecute incidents of corruption, and they have been effective in retrieving stolen public cash. With laws and policies in place to advance women's rights and raise their involvement in politics and the workforce, Kenya has also achieved progress in the area of gender equality. Additionally, the nation has a robust civil society, with non-governmental groups tackling problems including poverty, education, and health. Kenya has also advanced significantly in the tourism sector. The nation boasts several national parks and reserves that draw tourists industry from all over the globe because of its biodiversity and natural beauty. The nation's economy greatly benefits from tourism, which creates employment and income.


Where does Kenya stand among all countries?


Kenya, an East African nation, is the 47th-largest nation in the world by land area. Kenya ranks as the world's 28th most populated nation in terms of population. Because there are so many various things to take into account, including economic power, military might, the standard of living, and other things, it is difficult to rank nations in a clear-cut fashion. However, the following rankings for Kenya are based on many criteria: Gross Domestic Product (GDP): In terms of GDP in 2021, Kenya ranked 66th globally, based on the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Human Development Index (HDI): The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) uses the Human Development Index to assess nations based on characteristics such as income, life expectancy, and educational attainment. Kenya placed 147th out of 189 nations in the most current rankings. Global Peace Index (GPI): The Global Peace Index gauges the general level of peace in various nations and areas of the globe. Kenya placed 146th out of 163 nations in the rankings for 2021. According to perceived levels of corruption in the public sector, nations are ranked using the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). Kenya was placed 123rd out of 180 nations in the most current rankings. A country's status and advancement may be assessed in a variety of ways, so keep in mind that these rankings are not precise indicators of a nation's prosperity or success.



Kenya is a middle-income nation, with a GDP projected to be at $99.25 billion in 2020. Kenya, however, is regarded as a relatively impoverished nation when compared to other nations, with a sizeable part of its population living below the poverty line.


The poverty rate in Kenya is thought to be approximately 32%, with rural regions having the highest rates. Low levels of education, restricted access to healthcare, and a lack of employment possibilities are often associated with poverty. High levels of inequality, corruption, and political instability are just a few of the additional difficulties Kenya confronts.


Kenya has improved recently despite these difficulties. Over the last ten years, the economy of the nation has grown at an average annual growth rate of around 5%. A varied economy that encompasses industry, services, and agriculture has fueled this rise.


The bulk of the population finds work in Kenya's main economic sector, which accounts for around a third of the country's GDP. Tea, coffee, horticulture, and cattle are the primary agricultural crops. Despite being relatively modest, the manufacturing industry is expanding, with a concentration on textiles, food processing, and chemicals. With a contribution to GDP of more than 50%, the services sector is the major contributor to the economy. Tourism, telecommunications, financial services, and transportation are all part of this industry.


Several policies have been put into place by the government with the goal of decreasing poverty and fostering economic development. To increase connectivity and lower the cost of conducting business, they include improvements in infrastructure like roads and trains. Additionally, the government has put in place social protection initiatives, including free basic education and financial transfers to disadvantaged families.


A number of trade agreements have also been explored by Kenya with the goal of boosting exports and foreign investment. Membership in organizations that support regional commerce and integration, such as the East African Community and the African Continental Free Commerce Area, is one of them. Additionally, the nation has inked bilateral trade agreements with a number of nations, including China, India, and the United States.


Kenya has worked to enhance the business climate and attract international investment in recent years. The nation has made it easier to establish a firm, slashed the time and cost associated with acquiring building permits, and expanded finance availability. Foreign investment has benefited from these changes in industries, including manufacturing and services.


Does Kenya have abundant natural resources?


Kenya is blessed with an abundance of natural resources. Minerals, animals, forests, water resources, and agriculturally productive soils are some of these resources.




Kenya contains reserves of minerals, including titanium, gold, coal, iron ore, limestone, soda ash, and salt, among others. The country's mineral sector is still undeveloped, and the mining sector only accounts for a modest portion of the GDP.


A wide variety of wildlife, including the "Big Five" game species (elephant, lion, leopard, rhino, and buffalo), may be found in Kenya. The nation is home to a number of national parks and reserves, including the well-known tourist sites Maasai Mara, Tsavo, and Amboseli. The wildlife industry contributes significantly to the nation's economy by bringing in money from tourism and hunting.


In Kenya, forests make up another significant natural resource; they occupy 6.2% of the nation's total land area. Timber, fuelwood, and other forest products and services are provided by the woods, along with carbon sequestration, water management, and biodiversity preservation. However, because of deforestation, forest degradation, and irresponsible logging methods, the nation's forest cover has been decreasing.


Lakes, rivers, and aquifers are just a few of the many water sources in Kenya. Numerous activities, including agriculture, manufacturing, and home usage, depend on these water supplies. Nevertheless, the nation is experiencing a water shortage as a result of a number of causes, including climate change, population increase, and insufficient water management.


The foundation of Kenya's economy is agriculture, which is supported by the country's excellent soils. The nation is a significant producer of cattle, horticultural crops, tea, and coffee. However, the agricultural industry is dealing with a variety of issues, such as poor production, soil erosion, and land degradation.



Is Kenya rich or poor in knowledge?


Despite recent considerable improvements in education, Kenyans still have comparatively low levels of literacy and education when compared to many affluent nations.


Children aged 6 to 18 in Kenya are entitled to free and compulsory education, and the nation has made tremendous strides in recent years to widen access. The government has enacted initiatives, such as the creation of a new curriculum and the distribution of digital learning tools, aimed at raising enrollment rates and raising educational standards.


Kenya still has a lot of issues with education and knowledge despite these attempts. The levels of education is one of the key obstacles. The quality of education is still an issue even if access to it has increased. Basic amenities like libraries, labs, and computers are often missing from schools, and the quality of instruction may be inconsistent.


The high rate of illiteracy in the nation presents another difficulty. In 2018, Kenya's adult literacy rate was assessed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to be 78.7%. This indicates that a significant section of the population is undereducated, which may restrict their possibilities for both personal and professional growth.


Furthermore, many Kenyans still find it difficult to enrol in higher education since many students cannot pay the tuition fees and other costs. Due to this, they have fewer options to pursue further education and acquire the information and skills necessary to fully compete in the global economy.



In conclusion, even though Kenya has made strides in enhancing access to education, the general population's level of education and knowledge is still rather poor. Improving the population's knowledge and releasing its potential for personal and economic growth would require addressing issues with school quality, literacy rates, and access to higher education.



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